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Although the 1911 census is the most comprehensive census to date with useful information to the family historian a lesser known survey was taken at the same time. This survey known as the “Domesday Books” can provide far more information where your ancestors lived.
In the UK in 1911 a valuation of property was carried out and sometimes referred to as “Lloyd-George’s Domesday”. A new tax imposed under the Finance Act 1909 -1910 called Incremental Value Duty was to counter rising property values. This was so that all properties were re assessed and when sold or inherited this additional tax could be imposed on any increase in value.
The records of this survey were known by the name of the parish and provided:
These were registers of every property (or hereditament) within each Valuation District. Every property was given a number and individual record. The numbering in each parish was not set geographically so the use of Ordinance Survey maps would be needed.
The information given is the number of assessment, number of Poor Rate, the Christian names and Surnames of the owners (with their residences) and a description of the property. Also given is the gross annual value and rateable value.
Working Plans and Record Plans
The Working Plans were used by the valuers to make a revised assessment based on earlier valuations by the Inland Revenue or Guardians of the Poor. These are generally found at local Archive Offices.
Record Plans are found in TNA (The National Archives) followed the Working Plans and contain additional information such as new housing developments and sale prices.
These were created after the Domesday Books and often show changes that occurred between 1910 and 1915. They also can contain additional information obtained from the owners or tenants and record sales. This information can provide a great deal of information on two double pages for each property.
·Name and address of owner (if they were executors of a will it would also contain the name of the testator)
·Changes of tenants between 1910 and 1920
·Rent, rates, taxes and insurance (and by whom it was paid)
·Construction of the property (brick, tile, slate etc)
·Room by room description of the house, garden and land if a farm
·Valuers judgement on condition of property
·A simple plan on squared paper showing outbuildings and livestock etc
·Business information for shops and public houses (even providing the turnover of ale by the inn!)
Domesday Books for London & Westminster under IR91
Record Plans under IR121 to IR135
Field Books under IR58
Local Archives will hold relevant Domesday Books and Working Plans for local parishes.
The Finance Act in 1909 -1910 applied to all the UK so Scottish records will be found at the National Archives of Scotland (NAS) www.nas.gov.uk and the Irish records at the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI) www.proni.gov.uk